The operation is generally safe with low surgical risk. Some of the risks encountered are as follows:
As the abdominal cavity is entered during operation, some patients may have slow gastric and bowel movement post operation and may experience feelings of nausea and vomiting. They may not tolerate full meals immediately post operation. These symptoms usually resolve spontaneously over time
This occurs when the ventricular or peritoneal end of the shunt tubing is in a position which does not facilitate free flow of CSF. The result is poor CSF drainage and hydrocephalus does not resolve.
Wound breakdown/shunt tube exposure
This can occur when the wound does not heal well or the overlying skin is thin with minimal subcutaneous tissue layer resulting in wound breakdown.
Some risk factors include malnourishment, debilitated condition and prolonged steroid usage
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