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Clin Asst Prof Liow Ming Han Lincoln

Clin Asst Prof Liow Ming Han Lincoln

MBBS (S’pore), DWD (CAW), MRCSEd, MMed (Ortho), MFSTEd, FRCSEd (Orth), FAMS

Consultant

Singapore General Hospital

Specialty: Orthopaedic Surgery

Sub-specialties: Adult Reconstruction Service

Conditions Treated by this Doctor:
Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Hip and Knee Replacement, Hip and Knee Osteoarthritis, Hip Arthroplasty, Joint Replacement, Knee Arthritis and Hip Arthritis, Knee Arthroplasty, Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) Joint Replacement, Outpatient Total and Unicompartmental Knee Replacement (Day Surgery), Robotic-assisted Knee Arthroplasty, Total Hip Replacement, Total Knee Replacement.

Clinical Appointments

  • Consultant Orthopaedic Surgery Singapore General HospitalSingapore General Hospital

Academic Appointments

  • Clinical Assistant Professor, Duke-NUS Medical School
  • Clinical Physician Faculty Member, Singhealth Orthopaedic Surgery Residency Programme
  • Duke-NUS Research Mentor
  • Adjunct Teaching Faculty, Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine

Profile

Dr Lincoln Liow is a Consultant Orthopaedic surgeon (Adult Reconstruction) in Singapore General Hospital. He performs 300-400 operations per year and specializes in Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) for hip and knee replacements, robotic-assisted knee replacement and partial knee replacement surgery.

Dr Lincoln Liow was awarded the Singapore Armed Forces Medicine Scholarship to pursue medicine. He is currently a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons (Orthopaedic Surgery). During senior residency, he was appointed as the Chairman of the Singapore Orthopaedic Association Trainee Committee. He was also selected to undergo an Orthopaedic Biomechanics Research Fellowship at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH), Harvard Medical School (HMS), Boston, USA in 2015. He has certification from the United States Educational Commission of Foreign Medical Graduates and Federation of State Medical Boards. He has secured a clinical fellowship position in Complex Joint Reconstruction at the Hospital of Special Surgery, New York, USA. He is currently pursuing a Master’s in Clinical Investigation at NUS.

Dr Liow is an academic arthroplasty surgeon and has published >100 peer reviewed articles. His work has been recognized at the international level, being nominated for the New Investigator Recognition Award (NIRA) during the 2016 Orthopaedic Research Society Annual Meeting, awarded the Jacques Duparc Award at the 2019 European Federation of National Associations of Orthopaedics and Traumatology (EFORT) and Top 100 posters of American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons (AAHKS) Annual Meeting 2020. He serves as an editorial board member on several top-ranked Orthopaedic journals and is an invited peer-review for the British Medical Journal and Journal of Arthroplasty. He shares his knowledge on hip and knee replacement surgery as an invited speaker at international conference and webinars. As a clinical physician faculty, he is active in education of orthopaedic surgery residents.

Education

  • MIT Sloan Artificial Intelligence in Health Care, MIT Sloan School of Management
  • Master of Clinical Investigation (Ongoing: 2020 – 2022)
  • Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons (Edinburgh) (Orthopaedic Surgery)
  • United States Federation of State Medical Boards USMLE Step 3
  • United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates (ECFMG Certification)
  • Principles and Practice of Clinical Research, Harvard Medical School
  • Master of Medicine (Orthopaedic Surgery) 
  • Member of the Royal College of Surgeons (Edinburgh)  
  • Designated Workplace Doctor (Compressed Air Works)
  • Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery 

Professional Appointments and Committee Memberships

​Current

  • Health Science Research Unit, Singapore General Hospital – EXCO Member
  • Ageing Peak Workgroup, Singapore General Hospital – Member
  • American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons, International Member
  • Academy of Medicine, Singapore, Fellow
  • The Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, Fellow
  • Faculty of Surgical Trainers – The Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, Member
  • Singapore Orthopaedic Association (SOA), Member
  • Orthopaedic Research Society, Member
  • AOTrauma, Member

Past appointments

  • Singapore Orthopaedic Trainee Committee (Sub-Committee Of SOA), Chairman, 2013-2015
  • Singapore Orthopaedic Trainee Committee (Sub-Committee Of SOA), Education Secretary, 2012-2013
  • Humanitarian & Outreach Committee (Sub-Committee Of SOA), Member, 2014-2015

Awards

  • Singapore Armed Forces Medicine Scholarship
  • Naval Underwater Medicine Officer Cadet Course Best Cadet
  • Singapore Armed Forces Overseas Medical (Operation Blue Sapphire Maritime I)
  • Tri-Service Warfighter Course Distinguished Graduate
  • Singapore Armed Forces 5-Year Good Service Medal
  • Singapore Armed Forces Letter of Commendation (Operation Swift Angler)
  • Orthopaedic Research Society (ORS) New Investigator Recognition Award (NIRA) Finalist
  • 2015 SingHealth Medical Student Talent Development Award- Project + Travel grant (Mentee: Dr Graham Goh)
  • 2015 National University of Singapore, Outstanding Undergraduate Researcher Prize (Mentee: Dr Graham Goh)
  • 2016 National University of Singapore, Outstanding Undergraduate Researcher Prize (Mentee: Dr Graham Goh)
  • American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons Annual Meeting – Best Poster Award (Revision Hip Category: What Pre-Operative Risk Factors Are Associated with Poor Outcomes of Revision Surgery for Pseudotumours in Patients with Metal-on-Metal Hip Arthroplasty)
  • Singapore General Hospital 22nd Annual Scientific Meeting 2017 – Outstanding Research Award (Clinical Research) Finalist
  • European Federation of National Associations of Orthopaedics and Traumatology – Top 10 Poster Award: A Prospective Two-Year Outcome Study of Extreme Lateral Interbody Fusion (XLIF) And Hybrid XLIF Surgery for Adult Spinal Deformity
  • European Federation of National Associations of Orthopaedics and Traumatology – Top 10 Poster Award: Diabetes Does Not Influence Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Outcomes for Cervical Myelopathy at Two Years
  • Singapore Armed Forces Long Service & Good Conduct 10-Year Medal
  • European Federation of National Associations of Orthopaedics and Traumatology – Jacques Duparc Award: Bi-Cruciate Retaining Total Knee Arthroplasty Does Not Restore Native Knee In-Vivo Kinematics During Strenuous Activities
  • Khoo Scholar Award
  • Singapore Spine Society 3rd Annual Meeting 2020 “New Frontiers in Spine Surgery” - Best paper (2nd Prize Award)
  • European Federation of National Associations of Orthopaedics and Traumatology – Top 10 Poster Award: Indication Criteria For Total And Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty Based On Long-Term Patient-Reported Outcome Measures – A Pilot Study
  • European Federation of National Associations of Orthopaedics and Traumatology – Top 10 Poster Award: Lower Socioeconomic Status Is Associated With Longer Hospitalization, Delay To Surgery And Increased 90-Day Readmission Rates After Hip Fracture Surgery
  • European Federation of National Associations of Orthopaedics and Traumatology – Top 10 Poster Award: Pre-Operative Thyroid Dysfunction Predicts For Earlier Mortality In Elderly Fragility Hip Fractures
  • 2020 SingHealth Medical Student Talent Development Award – Project Grant (Mentee: John Zhang Jiong Yang)
  • 2020 Singhealth Duke-NUS Musculoskeletal Sciences Academic Clinical Programme – Research Support Programme Grant Award: Nurturing Clinician Scientist Scheme (NCSS) - 13/FY2020/P1/18-A33
  • American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons (AAHKS) 2020 Top 100 Posters
  • AM-ETHOS Duke-NUS Medical Student Fellowship Award (AY2020-AY2021)
  • 2020 SingHealth Medical Student Talent Development Award – Travel Grant (Mentee: Khow Yong Zhi)

Research Interests

Dr Liow has been awarded the Nurturing Clinician Scientist Scheme grant in 2020 to study the use of artificial intelligence in Orthopaedic imaging. He is currently interested in immunopathology of osteoarthritis, medical device development for osteoarthritis treatment, use of augmented reality in orthopaedic surgery and arthroplasty related biomechanics.

He is constantly studying the clinical outcomes of primary and revision knee and hip arthroplasty to provide the best care for his patients

Publications

  1. Tan BH, Liu EH, Lim RT, Liow LM, Goy RW. Ease of intubation with the
    GlideScope or Airway Scope by novice operators in simulated easy and difficult
    airways--a manikin study. Anaesthesia. 2009 Feb;64(2):187-90. doi:
    10.1111/j.1365-2044.2008.05753.x. PMID: 19143697.
  2. Liow MH, Chong SJ, Kang WL. A tale of three divers: recompression therapy for
    divers with severe Type II decompression sickness with neurological deficits.
    Singapore Med J. 2009 May;50(5):e173-5. PMID: 19495502.
  3. Liow MH, Xia Z, Wong MK, Tay KJ, Yeo SJ, Chin PL. Robot-assisted total knee
    arthroplasty accurately restores the joint line and mechanical axis. A
    prospective randomised study. J Arthroplasty. 2014 Dec;29(12):2373-7. doi:
    10.1016/j.arth.2013.12.010. Epub 2013 Dec 14. PMID: 24439796.
  4. Liow MH, Ho BH, Kim SJ, Soh CR, Tang KC. MRI findings in cervical spinal cord
    type II neurological decompression sickness: a case report. Undersea Hyperb Med.
    2014 Nov-Dec;41(6):599-603. PMID: 25562951.
  5. Liow MH, Chin PL, Tay KJ, Chia SL, Lo NN, Yeo SJ. Early experiences with
    robot-assisted total knee arthroplasty using the DigiMatch™ ROBODOC® surgical
    system. Singapore Med J. 2014 Oct;55(10):529-34. doi: 10.11622/smedj.2014136.
    PMID: 25631894; PMCID: PMC4293963.
  6. Goh GS, Liow MH, Tay DK, Lo NN, Yeo SJ. Four-Year Follow Up Outcome Study of
    Patellofemoral Arthroplasty at a Single Institution. J Arthroplasty. 2015
    Jun;30(6):959-63. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2015.01.020. Epub 2015 Jan 19. PMID:
    25660614.
  7. Liow MH, Goh GS, Tay DK, Chia SL, Lo NN, Yeo SJ. Obesity and the absence of
    trochlear dysplasia increase the risk of revision in patellofemoral
    arthroplasty. Knee. 2016 Mar;23(2):331-7. doi: 10.1016/j.knee.2015.05.009. Epub
    2015 Jun 19. PMID: 26094823.
  8. Goh GS, Liow MH, Lim WS, Tay DK, Yeo SJ, Tan MH. Accelerometer-Based
    Navigation Is as Accurate as Optical Computer Navigation in Restoring the Joint
    Line and Mechanical Axis After Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Prospective Matched
    Study. J Arthroplasty. 2016 Jan;31(1):92-7. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2015.06.048.
    Epub 2015 Jul 2. PMID: 26220102.
  9. Goh GS, Liow MH, Mitra AK. Outcome following total knee arthroplasty in obese
    versus non-obese Asian patients. J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong). 2015
    Dec;23(3):294-7. doi: 10.1177/230949901502300306. PMID: 26715703.
  10. Tsai TY, Dimitriou D, Liow MH, Rubash HE, Li G, Kwon YM. Three-Dimensional
    Imaging Analysis of Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty Evaluated in Standing
    Position: Component Alignment and In Vivo Articular Contact. J Arthroplasty.
    2016 May;31(5):1096-101. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2015.11.027. Epub 2015 Nov 30.
    PMID: 26730450.
  11. Kwon YM, Dimitriou D, Liow MH, Tsai TY, Li G. Is Ultrasound As Useful As
    Metal Artifact Reduction Sequence Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Longitudinal
    Surveillance of Metal-on-Metal Hip Arthroplasty Patients? J Arthroplasty. 2016
    Aug;31(8):1821-7. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2016.01.033. Epub 2016 Jan 29. PMID:
    26895821.
  12. Dimitriou D, Liow MH, Tsai TY, Leone WA, Li G, Kwon YM. Early Outcomes of
    Revision Surgery for Taper Corrosion of Dual Taper Total Hip Arthroplasty in 187
    Patients. J Arthroplasty. 2016 Jul;31(7):1549-54. doi:
    10.1016/j.arth.2016.01.015. Epub 2016 Jan 21. PMID: 26895822.
  13. Liow MH, Urish KL, Preffer FI, Nielson GP, Kwon YM. Metal Ion Levels Are Not
    Correlated With Histopathology of Adverse Local Tissue Reactions in Taper
    Corrosion of Total Hip Arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty. 2016 Aug;31(8):1797-802.
    doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2016.01.041. Epub 2016 Feb 4. PMID: 26923497.
  14. Kwon YM, Antoci V Jr, Leone WA, Tsai TY, Dimitriou D, Liow MH. Utility of
    Serum Inflammatory and Synovial Fluid Counts in the Diagnosis of Infection in
    Taper Corrosion of Dual Taper Modular Stems. J Arthroplasty. 2016
    Sep;31(9):1997-2003. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2016.02.020. Epub 2016 Feb 17. PMID:
    26994651.
  15. Liow MHL, Goh GS, Wong MK, Chin PL, Tay DK, Yeo SJ. Robotic-assisted total
    knee arthroplasty may lead to improvement in quality-of-life measures: a 2-year
    follow-up of a prospective randomized trial. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol
    Arthrosc. 2017 Sep;25(9):2942-2951. doi: 10.1007/s00167-016-4076-3. Epub 2016
    Mar 26. PMID: 27017214.
  16. Teo KA, Chong TF, Liow MH, Tang KC. Medical Support for Aircraft Disaster
    Search and Recovery Operations at Sea: the RSN Experience. Prehosp Disaster Med.
    2016 Jun;31(3):294-9. doi: 10.1017/S1049023X16000194. Epub 2016 Mar 28. PMID:
    27018529.
  17. Liow MH, Tsai TY, Dimitriou D, Li G, Kwon YM. Does 3-Dimensional In Vivo
    Component Rotation Affect Clinical Outcomes in Unicompartmental Knee
    Arthroplasty? J Arthroplasty. 2016 Oct;31(10):2167-72. doi:
    10.1016/j.arth.2016.03.003. Epub 2016 Mar 10. PMID: 27067168.
  18. Kwon YM, Liow MH, Dimitriou D, Tsai TY, Freiberg AA, Rubash HE. What Is the
    Natural History of "Asymptomatic" Pseudotumours in Metal-on-Metal Hip
    Arthroplasty? Minimum 4-Year Metal Artifact Reduction Sequence Magnetic
    Resonance Imaging Longitudinal Study. J Arthroplasty. 2016 Sep;31(9
    Suppl):121-6. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2016.02.070. Epub 2016 Mar 17. PMID: 27094245.
  19. Tsai TY, Dimitriou D, Hosseini A, Liow MHL, Torriani M, Li G, Kwon YM.
    Assessment of accuracy and precision of 3D reconstruction of unicompartmental
    knee arthroplasty in upright position using biplanar radiography. Med Eng Phys.
    2016 Jul;38(7):633-638. doi: 10.1016/j.medengphy.2016.04.002. Epub 2016 Apr 23.
    PMID: 27117422.
  20. Liow MH, Goh GS, Pang HN, Tay DK, Lo NN, Yeo SJ. Computer-assisted
    stereotaxic navigation improves the accuracy of mechanical alignment and
    component positioning in total knee arthroplasty. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2016
    Aug;136(8):1173-80. doi: 10.1007/s00402-016-2483-z. Epub 2016 Jun 27. PMID:
    27349233.
  21. Cha TD, Moore G, Liow MHL, Zhong W, Wu M, Wang S, Kang JD, Wood KB, Li G. In
    Vivo Characteristics of Nondegenerated Adjacent Segment Intervertebral Foramina
    in Patients With Degenerative Disc Disease During Flexion-Extension. Spine
    (Phila Pa 1976). 2017 Mar 15;42(6):359-365. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000001758.
    PMID: 27379419; PMCID: PMC5203984.
  22. Liow MH, Dimitriou D, Tsai TY, Kwon YM. Preoperative Risk Factors Associated
    With Poor Outcomes of Revision Surgery for "Pseudotumors" in Patients With
    Metal-on-Metal Hip Arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty. 2016 Dec;31(12):2835-2842. doi:
    10.1016/j.arth.2016.05.034. Epub 2016 May 27. PMID: 27387480.
  23. Kwon YM, Antoci V Jr, Eisemon E, Tsai TY, Yan Y, Liow MH. "Top-Out" Removal
    of Well-Fixed Dual-Taper Femoral Stems: Surgical Technique and Radiographic Risk
    Factors. J Arthroplasty. 2016 Dec;31(12):2843-2849. doi:
    10.1016/j.arth.2016.05.046. Epub 2016 Jun 17. PMID: 27444847.
  24. Goh GS, Liow MHL, Bin Abd Razak HR, Tay DK, Lo NN, Yeo SJ. Patient-Reported
    Outcomes, Quality of Life, and Satisfaction Rates in Young Patients Aged 50
    Years or Younger After Total Knee Arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty. 2017
    Feb;32(2):419-425. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2016.07.043. Epub 2016 Aug 10. PMID:
    27593732.
  25. Liow MHL, Agrawal K, Anderson DW, Freiberg AA, Rubash HE, Kwon YM.
    Unsuspected Malignancies in Routine Femoral Head Histopathologic Examination
    During Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty: Cost-Effectiveness Analysis. J
    Arthroplasty. 2017 Mar;32(3):735-742. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2016.08.017. Epub 2016
    Aug 24. PMID: 27697361.
  26. Liow MHL, Kwon YM. Metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty: risk factors for
    pseudotumours and clinical systematic evaluation. Int Orthop. 2017
    May;41(5):885-892. doi: 10.1007/s00264-016-3305-1. Epub 2016 Oct 20. PMID:
    27761629.
  27. Kwon YM, Tsai TY, Leone WA, Liow MHL. Sensitivity and Specificity of Metal
    Ion Levels in Predicting "Pseudotumors" due to Taper Corrosion in Patients With
    Dual Taper Modular Total Hip Arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty. 2017
    Mar;32(3):996-1000. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2016.08.040. Epub 2016 Sep 28. PMID:
    27776907.
  28. Kwon YM, Khormaee S, Liow MH, Tsai TY, Freiberg AA, Rubash HE. Asymptomatic
    Pseudotumors in Patients with Taper Corrosion of a Dual-Taper Modular Femoral
    Stem: MARS-MRI and Metal Ion Study. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2016 Oct
    19;98(20):1735-1740. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.15.01325. PMID: 27869625.
  29. Chambers AW, Lacy KW, Liow MHL, Manalo JPM, Freiberg AA, Kwon YM. Multiple
    Hip Intra-Articular Steroid Injections Increase Risk of Periprosthetic Joint
    Infection Compared With Single Injections. J Arthroplasty. 2017
    Jun;32(6):1980-1983. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2017.01.030. Epub 2017 Jan 30. PMID:
    28237216.
  30. Che J, Li C, Gao Z, Qi W, Ji B, Liu Y, Liow MHL. Novel anatomical
    reconstruction of distal tibiofibular ligaments restores syndesmotic
    biomechanics. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2017 Jun;25(6):1866-1872.
    doi: 10.1007/s00167-017-4485-y. Epub 2017 Mar 20. PMID: 28321479.
  31. Di Laura A, Hothi H, Henckel J, Swiatkowska I, Liow MHL, Kwon YM, Skinner
    JA, Hart AJ. Retrieval analysis of metal and ceramic femoral heads on a single
    CoCr stem design. Bone Joint Res. 2017 May;6(5):345-350. doi:
    10.1302/2046-3758.65.BJR-2016-0325.R1. PMID: 28566326; PMCID: PMC5457640.
  32. Di Laura A, Hothi HS, Henckel J, Cerquiglini A, Liow MHL, Kwon YM, Skinner
    JA, Hart AJ. Retrieval evidence of impingement at the third articulation in
    contemporary dual mobility cups for total hip arthroplasty. Int Orthop. 2017
    Dec;41(12):2495-2501. doi: 10.1007/s00264-017-3523-1. Epub 2017 Jun 4. PMID:
    28578471.
  33. Lee M, Chen JY, Liow MHL, Chong HC, Chang P, Lie D. Critical Shoulder Angle
    and Acromial Index Do Not Influence 24-Month Functional Outcome After
    Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair. Am J Sports Med. 2017 Nov;45(13):2989-2994.
    doi: 10.1177/0363546517717947. Epub 2017 Aug 14. PMID: 28806093.
  34. Liow MHL, Lee M, Goh GS, Chen LTJ, Yue WM, Guo CM, Tan SB. Poorer Fusion
    Outcomes in Diabetic Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy Patients Undergoing Single-
    level Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Does Not Compromise Functional
    Outcomes and Quality of Life. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2018 Apr 1;43(7):477-483.
    doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000002395. PMID: 28858183.
  35. Xia Z, Liow MHL, Goh GS, Chong HC, Lo NN, Yeo SJ. Body mass index changes
    after unicompartmental knee arthroplasty do not adversely influence patient
    outcomes. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2018 Jun;26(6):1691-1697. doi:
    10.1007/s00167-017-4703-7. Epub 2017 Sep 6. PMID: 28879594.
  36. Goh GS, Liow MHL, Tay DK, Lo NN, Yeo SJ, Tan MH. Accelerometer-Based and
    Computer-Assisted Navigation in Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Reduction in
    Mechanical Axis Outliers Does Not Lead to Improvement in Functional Outcomes or
    Quality of Life When Compared to Conventional Total Knee Arthroplasty. J
    Arthroplasty. 2018 Feb;33(2):379-385. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2017.09.005. Epub 2017
    Sep 14. PMID: 29054725.
  37. Liow MHL, Chin PL, Pang HN, Tay DK, Yeo SJ. THINK surgical TSolution-
    One<sup>®</sup> (Robodoc) total knee arthroplasty. SICOT J. 2017;3:63. doi:
    10.1051/sicotj/2017052. Epub 2017 Oct 30. PMID: 29087292; PMCID: PMC5663203.
  38. Goh GS, Liow MHL, Pang HN, Tay DK, Lo NN, Yeo SJ. Patients With Poor
    Baseline Mental Health Undergoing Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty Have Poorer
    Outcomes. J Arthroplasty. 2018 Aug;33(8):2428-2434. doi:
    10.1016/j.arth.2018.02.074. Epub 2018 Feb 26. PMID: 29627256.
  39. Tsai TY, Liow MHL, Peng Y, Arauz P, Li G, Kwon YM. In-vivo elongation of
    anterior and posterior cruciate ligament in bi-cruciate retaining total knee
    arthroplasty. J Orthop Res. 2018 Dec;36(12):3239-3246. doi: 10.1002/jor.24132.
    Epub 2018 Sep 19. PMID: 30175858.
  40. Liow MHL, Goh GS, Yeo W, Ling ZM, Yue WM, Guo CM, Tan SB. Time Taken to
    Return to Work Does Not Influence Outcomes of Minimally Invasive Transforaminal
    Lumbar Interbody Fusion: A 5-Year Follow-Up Study. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2019
    Apr 1;44(7):503-509. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000002863. PMID: 30247375.
  41. Chua JL, Goh GS, Liow MHL, Tay DK, Lo NN, Yeo SJ. Modern TKA implants are
    equivalent to traditional TKA implants in functional and patellofemoral joint-
    related outcomes. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2019 Apr;27(4):1116-1123.
    doi: 10.1007/s00167-018-5161-6. Epub 2018 Sep 29. PMID: 30269170.
  42. Lim WSR, Liow MHL, Rikhraj IS, Goh GS, Koo K. The effect of gender in hallux
    valgus surgery. A propensity score matched study. Foot Ankle Surg. 2019
    Oct;25(5):670-673. doi: 10.1016/j.fas.2018.08.003. Epub 2018 Aug 13. PMID:
    30321927.
  43. Goh GS, Liow MHL, Yeo W, Ling ZM, Yue WM, Guo CM, Tan SB. The Influence of
    Body Mass Index on Functional Outcomes, Satisfaction, and Return to Work After
    Single-level Minimally-invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion: A Five-
    year Follow-up Study. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2019 Jun 1;44(11):809-817. doi:
    10.1097/BRS.0000000000002943. PMID: 30475348.
  44. Goh GS, Liow MHL, Yeo W, Ling ZM, Guo CM, Yue WM, Tan SB, Chen LTJ. Poor
    Baseline Mental Health Does Not Influence Improvement in Patient-reported
    Outcomes, Satisfaction, and Return to Work Two Years After Single-level Anterior
    Cervical Discectomy and Fusion. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2019 Jun
    15;44(12):839-847. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000002960. PMID: 30540718.
  45. Koh D, Liow L, Cheah J, Koo K. Peroneus longus tendon rupture: A case
    report. World J Orthop. 2019 Jan 18;10(1):45-53. doi: 10.5312/wjo.v10.i1.45.
    PMID: 30705840; PMCID: PMC6354104.
  46. Jeremy Goh KM, Liow MHL, Xu S, Yeo W, Ling ZM, Soh CCR, Tan SB, Guo CM.
    Reduction in foraminal height after lateral access surgery does not affect
    quality of life: A 2-year outcome study on lateral lumbar interbody fusion. J
    Orthop Surg (Hong Kong). 2019 Jan-Apr;27(1):2309499019829336. doi:
    10.1177/2309499019829336. PMID: 30782071.
  47. Tsai TY, Liow MHL, Li G, Arauz P, Peng Y, Klemt C, Kwon YM. Bi-Cruciate
    Retaining Total Knee Arthroplasty Does Not Restore Native Tibiofemoral Articular
    Contact Kinematics During Gait. J Orthop Res. 2019 Sep;37(9):1929-1937. doi:
    10.1002/jor.24333. Epub 2019 May 13. PMID: 31062398.
  48. Goh GS, Liow MHL, Yeo W, Ling ZM, Yue WM, Guo CM, Tan SB, Chen JL. Patients
    With Poor Baseline Mental Health May Experience Significant Improvements in Pain
    and Disability After Minimally Invasive Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion:
    A 5-Year Follow-up Study. Clin Spine Surg. 2020 Jun;33(5):205-214. doi:
    10.1097/BSD.0000000000000912. PMID: 31714282.
  49. Xu S, Liow MHL, Goh KMJ, Yeo W, Ling ZM, Soh CCR, Tan SB, Chen LTJ, Guo CM.
    Perioperative Factors Influencing Postoperative Satisfaction After Lateral
    Access Surgery for Degenerative Lumbar Spondylolisthesis. Int J Spine Surg. 2019
    Oct 31;13(5):415-422. doi: 10.14444/6056. PMID: 31741830; PMCID: PMC6833959.
  50. Goh GS, Liow MHL, Ling ZM, Soh RCC, Guo CM, Yue WM, Tan SB, Chen JL.
    Severity of Preoperative Myelopathy Symptoms Affects Patient-reported Outcomes,
    Satisfaction, and Return to Work After Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion
    for Degenerative Cervical Myelopathy. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2020 May
    15;45(10):649-656. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000003354. PMID: 31809467.
  51. Lim JW, Liow MH, Tan AHC. Post-operative non-steroidal anti-inflammatory
    drugs do not affect clinical outcomes of rotator cuff repair. J Orthop. 2019 Jun
    5;17:113-115. doi: 10.1016/j.jor.2019.06.009. PMID: 31879487; PMCID: PMC6919356.
  52. Liow MHL, Goh GS, Chua JL, Ling ZM, Soh RCC, Guo CM, Tan SB, Chen JL.
    Sagittally Balanced Degenerative Spondylolisthesis Patients With Increased
    Sacral Slope and Greater Lumbar Lordosis Experience Less Back Pain After Short-
    Segment Lumbar Fusion Surgery. Clin Spine Surg. 2020 Jun;33(5):E231-E235. doi:
    10.1097/BSD.0000000000000923. PMID: 31913174.
  53. Goh GS, Liow MHL, Chen JY, Tay DK, Lo NN, Yeo SJ. Can Octogenarians
    Undergoing Total Knee Arthroplasty Experience Similar Functional Outcomes,
    Quality of Life, and Satisfaction Rates as Their Younger Counterparts? A
    Propensity Score Matched Analysis of 1188 Patients. J Arthroplasty. 2020
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    WM, Tan SB, Chen JL. Elderly Patients Undergoing Minimally Invasive
    Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion May Have Similar Clinical Outcomes,
    Perioperative Complications, and Fusion Rates As Their Younger Counterparts.
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    aged 75 years or older undergo medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty? A
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  56. Goh GS, Liow MHL, Yeo W, Ling ZM, Guo CM, Yue WM, Tan SB, Chen JL.
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    Fusion for Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: A Multivariate Analysis. Clin Spine
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    Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index Useful Predictors
    of Clinical Meaningful Improvement and Satisfaction After Total Hip
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    Psychological Distress Have Poorer Patient-Reported Outcomes After Total Hip
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    outcome and quality of life are not sustainable for patients ≥ 68 years old
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    outcomes, quality of life and survivorship between metal-backed and all-
    polyethylene tibial components in unicompartmental knee arthroplasty: a 10-year
    follow-up study. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2021 Oct;29(10):3368-3374.
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    rates of clinically meaningful improvement or satisfaction after total hip
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    Medial Compartment Osteoarthritis. J Arthroplasty. 2021 Apr;36(4):1269-1276.
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Research Trials

RESEARCH GRANTS
FY2020 Singhealth Duke-NUS Musculoskeletal Sciences Academic Clinical Programme Nurturing Clinician Scientist Scheme (NCSS) Research Support Grant – 13/FY2020/P1/18-A33
Quantum: S$225,000


RESEARCH AND CLINICAL TRIALS AS PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR (ONGOING)

CIRB Ref No. : 2020/2866
Protocol Title : A Propective Randomised, Controlled Clinical Trial to Compare the Functional Outcomes of Patients Undergoing Total Knee Replacement Using the Zimmer-Biomet Persona Total Knee System with Cruciate-Retaining or Medial Congruent Bearing

CIRB Ref No. : 2020/2750
Protocol Title : A Review of the Functional Outcomes and Quality of Life after Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty

CIRB Ref No. : 2020/2237
Protocol Title : A Review of the Functional Outcomes and Quality of Life after Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty

CIRB Ref No. : 2020/2316
Protocol Title : Cost-Effectiveness of Robot-Assisted Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Markov Decision Analysis

CIRB Ref No. : 2019/2878
Protocol Title : Enhancing appropriateness of surgical referral to improve accessibility and value in knee osteoarthritis: Development and validation of a deep-learning algorithm