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Epilepsy - Symptoms

Types of seizure

There are 2 main types:

Focal Seizures
  • Affect one part of the body
  • Result in sensory, motor or visual disturbances
  • The patient may be conscious throughout but can also lose consciousness
Generalised Seizures
  • May start as a focal seizure and spread throughout the whole brain
  • Loss of consciousness usually lasting 30 seconds to 5 minutes
  • General muscle contraction
  • Violent rhythmic muscle relaxation and contraction lasting 1 to 2 minutes
  • Can cause tongue biting, incontinence and difficulty in breathing
Status Epilepticus Seizure
  • If a person experiences continuous seizures for more than 5 minutes; or on and off seizures without regaining consciousness in between, call 995 or go to the Emergency Department immediately. A status epilepticus is a medical emergency.
Triggers of Seizures
  • Skipping medications
  • Stress
  • Lack of sleep
  • Menstruation
  • Concurrent infection e.g. flu or fever

Epilepsy - Preparing for surgery

Epilepsy - Post-surgery care

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