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Potassium

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Potassium - What is it for

​This medication is used to treat or prevent low potassium levels in the body by increasing the amount of potassium in the body.

Potassium - Side Effects, Precautions, and Contraindications

What side effects can Potassium cause?

​Some side effects include stomach discomfort, diarrhoea, nausea or vomiting

  • You may reduce the stomach discomfort by taking medication with or after food
  • Inform your healthcare professional if there is no improvement or if these side effects worsens

The symptoms of high potassium levels in your blood include:

  • Difficulty breathing
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Chest pain
  • Feeling tired or weak
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Muscle weakness

The symptoms of a drug allergy include one or more of the following:

  • Swollen face/eyes/lips/tongue
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Itchy skin rashes over your whole body

If you experience any of these symptoms, you should stop your medication and see your healthcare professional immediately.

Before taking Potassium, what precautions must I follow?

​Before starting on this medication, inform your healthcare professional if you:

  • Are allergic to this medication, or any of the other ingredients in this medication
  • Feel very thirsty with a dry mouth (you could be dehydrated)
  • Have ever been diagnosed with metabolic acidosis, a condition where there is increased level of acid in the blood
  • Are taking any of the following:
    • Certain medications that lower blood pressure such as Lisinopril, Enalapril, Captopril, Perindopril, Ramipril, Losartan, Valsartan, Telmisartan, Candesartan or Irbesartan
    • Certain medications that remove excess water from your body such as Spironolactone, Eplerenone, Triamterene or Amiloride

What food or medicine must I avoid when I take Potassium?

​Do not use salt substitutes or consume low-sodium food products unless your doctor has advised you to do so, as these products may contain potassium. Check the labels carefully on all low-sodium food products before consuming.

Potassium - Dosage and How to Use

How should Potassium be used?

  • ​Take this medication as prescribed by your healthcare professional
  • Do not stop taking your medications without checking with your healthcare professional
  • This medication must be taken with or after food
  • For Tablets:
    • Swallow the tablet whole with a full glass of water or other liquids
    • Do not crush, chew or suck the tablet (as it is meant to provide a slow release of the medication into your body over time)
  • For Mixtures:
    • Dilute the mixture before drinking

What should I do if I miss a dose?

​If you miss a dose, take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, take only the usual dose. Do not double your dose or use extra medication to make up for the missed dose.

What should I do if I overdose?

Potassium - Handling and Storage

How should I handle Potassium safely?

How should I store Potassium?

Keep away from children;#Keep in a cool, dry place, away from direct sunlight;#Others;#

​Throw away all expired medications.

How should I dispose of Potassium safely?

​Pack this medication into a black trash bag and seal it tightly before throwing it into the rubbish chute or bin.

Potassium - Additional Information

  • Updated on Tuesday, December 31, 2019
  • Article contributed by PSS National Medication Information Workgroup

    The information provided is not intended as medical advice. Terms of use. Information provided by SingHealth

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