The Fontan operation is the last stage of a series of operations to create a pathway for poor-oxygen blood to bypass one of the ventricles and drain directly into the lungs. This procedure is usually performed on patients who only have one effective ventricle to pump blood to both the body and lungs.
In a healthy heart, the left side of the heart pumps oxygen-rich blood to the rest of the body while the right side pumps oxygen-poor blood to the lungs.
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